Blandford Urial 

Biological Name
: (Ovis Vignei Blandfordi)

Shoulder Height: 76.15-91.5cm / 30-36in.

Horn Length : 63.5-105.5cm / 25-41.5in.

Description & Taxonomy : The Urial, also known as the Arkars or Shapo, is a subspecies group of

the wild sheep. Noticeable features are the reddish-brown long fur that fades during winter, males

are characterized by a black ruff stretching from the neck to the chest and large horns. Urial males

have large horns, curling outwards from the top of the head turning in to end somewhere behind the

head. The horns of the males may be up to 100 cm (39 in) long. The shoulder height of an adult

male Urial is between 80 and 90 cm (31 and 35 in). Females have slender upward curving horns

about 12.7cm(5in) long. Trophy hunters consider 28-30 inches to be a very good trophy.


Sindh Ibex: (Capra aegagrus blythi)



Sindh Ibex are rather stocky animals with thick-set bodies and strong limbs terminating in broad hooves. Mature males are spectacularly beautiful, with long sweeping scimitar shaped horns over 102 cm (40 in) in length and almost silver white bodies offset by a sooty grey chest, throat and face. The extent of white hairs in the hind neck and body region of males increases with age. Males have short beards and a conspicuous black stripe running from the withers down the front of the shoulders and merging with the black chest. Older males have a dark face pattern. The horns are strongly keeled in front, sweeping upwards and outwards with the tips generally diverging.
Mature males are spectacularly beautiful, with long sweeping scimitar shaped horns over 102cm (40”) in length and almost silver white bodies offset by a sooty gray chest, throat and face. The precedent sizes for Ibex horns are 38 – 47 inches and trophy hunters consider 40-42 inches to be an excellant trophy.


Himalayan Ibex: (Capra sibirica hemalayanus)


The Himalayan Ibex is found in the remotest pinnacles of the mighty Karakorums, the Himalayas and the Hindukush. They have been a source of subsistence for the inhabitants of these remote valleys since ages. The Himalayan Ibex is a large goat with thick-legged and stoutly built, a long pointed chin beard and heavy scimitar-shaped horns. The summer coat is short, becoming long, coarse and brittle in winter with a dorsal crest and thick undercoat. The color is variable, but generally in summer it is a shade of yellowish or grayish- brown with a darker dorsal stripe, dark under parts and legs, and without a lighter saddle patch. The winter coat is yellowish-white and usually there is a large, light saddle patch. The dorsal stripe, tail and beard are blackish-brown. The male's horns are large and impressive, curving around to form three-fourths of a circle and tapering to relatively slender points. Horns are relatively flat on the front surface and have well-defined cross ridges. The Male Himalayan Ibex weighs from 210 to 230 pounds and has a height of over 40 inches at the shoulder. When compared to other subspecies of Ibex, the Himalayan Ibex appears stockier and sturdier. In general a bull with over 38 inches of horn length is a

good trophy and that anything over 42 inches is considered excellent. The Ibex prefers open, precipitous terrain at moderate to relatively high altitudes. The hunter is expected to be in good physical shape. 


Blue Sheep: (Pseudois nayaur)

Taxonomy : Pseudois Nayaur

(Also known as, Bharal & Blue sheep) This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and large population. The short, dense coat is slate grey in color, sometimes with a bluish sheen. The under parts and backs of the legs are white, while the chest and fronts of the legs are black. Separating the grey back and white belly is a charcoal colored stripe. The ears are small, and the bridge of the nose is dark. The horns are found in both sexes, and are ridged on the upper surface. In males, they grow upwards, then turn sideways and curve back wards, looking somewhat like an upside-down moustache. They may grow up to a length of 80 cm / 32 in. In females, the horns are much shorter and straighter, growing up to 20 cm / 8 inches long. Body Length: 3.8-5.5 ft (115-165 cm). Shoulder Height: 2.5-3 ft (75-90 cm). Tail Length: 4-8 in (10-20 cm). Weight: 77-165 lb (35-75 kg)


Punjab Urial

Biological Name : Ovis Orientalis Punjabiensis

Local Names : Urial

Description & Taxonomy : The Punjab urial (Ovis orientalis punjabiensis) is the principal mammalian game species of the scrub forest in Salt and Kala Chitta Ranges. The distribution area of this subspecies in Pakistan is enclosed by the Indus and the Jhelum rivers and the forest belt of the Himalayan foothills at elevations of 250-1500 m. In the Salt Range it is typically associated with lower rounded stony hills sparsely covered with wild olive (Olea ferruginea) & phulai (Acacia modesta). Punjab urial is also found in small scattered populations in the Kala Chitta and in the Salt range up to 1,500 m asl, and in the Districts of Attack, Chakwal, Jhelum, Mianwali, and Khushab.

Profile: Urial males have large horns, curling outwards from the top of the head turning in to end somewhere behind the head; females have shorter, compressed horns. The horns of the males may be up to 100 cm (39 in) long. The shoulder height of an adult male Urial is between 80 and 90 cm (31 and 35 in). Females have slender upward curving horns about 12.7cm(5in) long. Noticeable features are the reddish-brown long fur that fades during winter; males are characterized by a black ruff stretching from the neck to the chest and large horns. The face is generally grayish, the long slender legs and belly are creamy-white and the body fur is of a reddish-grey color. There is no extensive white area in caudal region. The tail is always the same color as the dorsal hair and lacks any longer hair or terminal tuft. The sub-orbital glands are deep and conspicuous often exuding a viscous substance which mats the hair. The iris is pale yellowish-grey with the retina contracting to a horizontal slot.


Afghan Urial: Ovis vignei cycloceros

Urial del Afganistan (Sp), Afghanischer Urialschaf (G), Urial du Afghanistan (F). Sometimes called Turkmen urial.

DESCRIPTION (male) Shoulder height about 32 inches (81 cm). Females are smaller.

Overall color varies from reddish-buff to yellowish-brown. Rump patch and underparts are white, the

face a bluish-gray. Rams have a white bib, long black neck ruff and a small black saddle spot in the

winter coat. The horns are homonymous, triangular in cross section, and strongly wrinkled. The

longest recorded horns measured 41-1/2 inches (105 cm) (Rowland Ward, 1909). Females have

small, straight horns.

he first European to record moufloniforms in Asia was Marco Polo, who observed and described

flocks of Afghan urials numbering as many as 500 in the Badakshan region of northern Afghanistan

during his 1271-1274 journey from Europe to China. British Capt. R. G. Hay described the Afghan

urial from the Hindu Kush mountains in 1840, and Capt. Thomas Hutton named it Ovis cycloceros in

1842, based on a specimen from near Kandahar. In 1842, British explorer Sir Alexander Burnes

recorded great numbers of Afghan urials in the hills north of Kabul.

Astore Markhor: Capra falconeri falconeri

Markor de Astor (Sp), Astor Schraubenzeige (G), Markhor d'Astor (F). Also calledAstor flare-horned markhor.

DESCRIPTION (male) Shoulder height as much as 42 inches (107 cm). Weight 200-225 pounds (91-102 kg) or so.

A large markhor. This is the typical race from which the species was first described. The coat is long

and coarse in winter, though with very little underwool, and is much shorter in summer. The male's

ruff is long and flowing. Typically, the horns of the Astor markhor flare very widely just above the

base and have one to 1-1/2 twists, with the first turn being very large. They are massive and

spectacular, though usually not as long as those of the Kashmir markhor. Most horns within the

distribution range of the Astor markhor are of this type; however, horns of the Kashmir type with

less flare and more twists are also seen. Heads from Baltistan, for example, are of a type between

the Astor and the Kashmir. The best horns of record were taken in Gilgit in 1907 and measured 60-

3/4 inches (154.3 cm) (Rowland Ward). According to Stockley, this measurement was taken around

the spiral along the keel that begins at the back of the base, which is the SCI method but is not the

present Rowland Ward method. Females have small beards and slender horns up to 14 inches (36

cm) long that usually have 1-1/4 twists and tips that diverge outward.


Kashmir Markhor: Capra falconeri cashmiriensis

Markor de Cachemire (Sp), Kaschmir Schraubenzeige (G), Markhor de Cachemire(F). Also called Pir

Panjal markhor (after the Pir Panjal Range of Kashmir) or Kashmir flare-horned markhor.

DESCRIPTION (male) Shoulder height up to 40 inches (102 cm). Weight as much as 225 pounds (102 kg).

A large markhor with massive horns that usually are the longest of the species. The coat and ruff

are similar to those of the Astor race. Typically, Kashmir markhor horns have slight to moderate

flare with 2-3 spiral twists. Most horns within its distribution range are of this type; however,

straighter horns of the Kabul type have occurred in the Chitral District. According to Stockley, the

record head measured 65-3/4 inches (167 cm) around the spiral along the keel that begins at the

back of the base (which is the SCI method). It came from Mozi Nullah in the Kaj-i-Nag range in

India in 1924. The Rowland Ward record is 65 inches (165.1 cm) from the Kafr Nullah in Kashmir in

1927. Females have slim horns up to 14 inches (36 cm) long that usually have 1-1/4 twists and tips

that diverge outward. 

Sulaiman Markhor: Capra falconeri jerdoni

Markor de Sulaiman (Sp), Sulaiman Schraubenzeige (G), Markhor du Sulaiman (F). Also

called Sulaiman (or Suleiman) straight-horned markhor. Jerdoni is for British surgeon and naturalist

T. C. Jerdon.

DESCRIPTION (male) Shoulder height 35-36 inches (89-91 cm). Weight perhaps 150 pounds (68 kg).

A smaller markhor with a comparatively short body. The coat is short, coarse and thick in winter,

short and smooth in summer. The male's ruff is much shorter and less conspicuous than in the

northern races. The horns are straight, forming two to three complete spiral turns that can have

either a tight twist resembling a corkscrew or a more open twist of the Kabul type. The Sulaiman

markhor was first given subspecific status on the basis of its tightly spiralling horns. Paradoxically,

such horns appear to be in the minority in most of its range. Schaller found that 100 percent of the

markhors he examined from Gadabar Ghan had open spirals, as did 89 percent from Toba-Kakar

and 65 percent from around Quetta. He was unable to distinguish an open-spiraled Sulaiman horn

from a normally straight, open-spiraled Kabul horn. He also found a very small percentage of

Sulaiman markhors with slightly flaring horns somewhat similar to those from Kashmir. In colonial

times it was customary to measure these horns in a straight line; however, SCI measures them

around the spiral along the keel that begins at the back of the base. Mature Sulaiman markhor

females have 6-7-inch (15-18 cm) horns showing one twist.


Black Buck: (Antilope Cervicapra)

Black bucks are indegenous to the Indian Sub-continent (India & Pakistan), Males and females have distinctive coloration. Male blackbucks are dark brown, black, and white and have long, twisted horns, while females are fawn-coloured with no horns. Blackbucks closely resemble kobs.[5]

Body length: 100–140 cm (3.3–4.6 ft)
Shoulder height: 64–84 cm (2.10–2.76 ft)
Tail length: 10–17 cm (3.9–6.7 in)
Weight: 25–40 kg (55–88 lb)[6]

The horns of the blackbuck are ringed with one to four spiral turns, with rarely more than four turns; they can be as long as 79 cm (31 in). A trophy blackbuck is greater than 46 cm (18 in). In the male, the upper body is black (dark brown), and the belly and eye rings are white. The light-brown female is usually hornless.


The hog deer (Hyelaphus porcinus) is a small deer whose habitat ranges from Pakistan, through

northern India. The hog deer gets its name from the hog-like manner in which it runs through the

forests with its head hung low so that it can duck under obstacles instead of leaping over them like

most other deer. Cover is taken as soon as it is feasible. During flight, the tail is held erect, showing

the white underside.

A mature hog deer stag stands about 70 cm at the shoulder and weighs approximately 50 kg while hinds are much smaller, standing about 61 cm and weighing in the vicinity of 30 kg. They are very solidly built with a long body and relatively short legs and the line of the back slopes upward from the shoulders to a high rump. The ears are rounded; older animals tend to become light coloured in the face and neck.

The hog deer's coat is quite thick and generally a uniform dark-brown in winter except for the underparts of the body and legs which are lighter in colour. During late spring, the change to a summer coat of rich reddish brown commences although this may vary between individuals. Many hog deer show a dark dorsal stripe extending from the head down the back of the neck and along the spine. In summer, there is usually a uniform row of light-coloured spots along either side of the dorsal stripe from the shoulders to the rump. The tail is fairly short and brown but tipped with white. The underside of the tail is white and the deer can fan the white hairs out in a distinctive alarm display.

Hog deer have preorbital glands on the face just below the eyes and metatarsal glands located high on the side of the rear legs. Pedal glands are located between the cleaves or toes of the hind hooves.


Chinkara Gazelle: (Gazella gazella bennetti) also know as Indian gazelle.

This is a Species of Gazelle found in grasslands and deserts of Pakistan and India, it stands at 65 cm

tall and weighs about 23 kg. Its summer coat is a reddish-buff colour, with smooth, glossy fur. In

winter, the white belly and throat fur is in greater contrast. The sides of the face have dark chestnut

stripes from the corner of the eye to the muzzle, bordered by white stripes. The horns reach over 39


It is a shy animal and avoids human habitation. It can go without water for long periods and can get

sufficient fluids from plants and dew. Although most individuals are seen alone, they can sometimes

be spotted in groups of up to four animals.



Kennion Gazelle: Gazella bennetti fuscifrons

Named after British Lt. Col. R. L. Kennion, its European discoverer. Sometimes called Baluchistan


DESCRIPTION (male) Shoulder height 23-25 inches (58-64 cm). Weight 40-50 pounds (18-23 kg). 

Slightly smaller than either the Salt Range or christii races of Indian gazelle, but larger than

the bennetti race. The sandy coat is rather long, especially in winter. Male horns average 9-11 inches

(23-28 cm) in length, with 14-1/2 inches (36.8 cm) the longest of record (Rowland Ward, 1909). The

horns are closer together at the base than in any race of Indian gazelle. The female's horns are

much longer than in the Indian gazelle, being 70 percent as long as those of the male.

DISTRIBUTION Central and southern Iran, except for the Lut and Salt deserts, and southern

Baluchistan west of the Kirthar Range in Pakistan, at elevations not exceeding 3,000 feet (900 m).

Replaced by the goitered gazelle at higher elevations.


Nil Gai:  (Boselaphus tragocamelus)

sometimes called nilgau, this is an antelope closely related to the African Eland, it is one of the most
commonly seen animal of central and northern India and eastern Pakistan.
The species has become extinct in Bangladesh.
The mature males appear Ox-like and are also know as blue bulls. The nilgai is the biggest Asian 

A blue bull is called a nil gai or nilgai in India, from nil meaning blue and gai meaning a bovine
animal (literally 'cow'). They were known as the nilghor (nil = blue, ghor = horse) during the rule
of Aurangzeb (Mughal Era).


Axis Deer (Chital)

Also called spotted deer. "Axis" is said to be the name given this animal by Roman scholar Pliny the Elder. "Chital" is from the Hindi cital, meaning spotted.

DESCRIPTION (male) Shoulder height 32-36 inches (81-91 cm). Weight 150-200 pounds (68-91 kg), sometimes more. The female is smaller.

A beautiful medium-sized deer, slender and graceful. The coat is a bright reddish-fawn covered with permanent white spots and has a dark dorsal stripe. The spots on the lower flanks are arranged in longitudinal rows. Underparts, underside of tail, lower legs and throat are white. The face is buff with a darker brown muzzle. Antlers are long and beautifully lyre-shaped and normally carry three points to a side. Some antlers have additional tines, generally small and located near the junction of the brow tine and the main beam. Longest antlers of record are 44 inches (111.8) (Rowland Ward, about 1877).


Asiatic Jungle Cat (Felis Chaus) 

The jungle cat has long legs and a slender build. The fur is generally sandy brown, reddish or grey, and is unpatterned except for stripes on the legs and occasionally the throat. 
Jungle cats are frequently observed in the daytime. They feed primarily on rodents, including large rodents. Jungle cats also take hares, birds, reptiles, amphibians, insects, and the young of larger mammals such as wild pig . They are strong swimmers, and will dive to catch fish, or to escape when chased by man or dog. 

The jungle cat, despite its name, is not strongly associated with closed forest, but rather with water and dense vegetative cover, especially reed swamps, marsh, and littoral and riparian environments. 
Jungle cats have adapted well to irrigated cultivation, having been observed in many different types of agricultural and forest plantations throughout their range, with sugarcane frequently mentioned in Tropical Asia. This cat is found by the riverine tracts of the Indus and the cultivated and irrigated lands of Punjab and Sind.